Large information plus noise random matrix models and consistent subspace estimation in large sensor networks

Abstract : In array processing, a common problem is to estimate the angles of arrival of K deterministic sources impinging on an array of M antennas, from N observations of the source signal, corrupted by Gaussian noise. In the so-called subspace methods, the problem reduces to estimate a quadratic form (called "localization function") of a certain projection matrix related to the source signal empirical covariance matrix. The estimates of the angles of arrival are then obtained by taking the K deepest local minima of the estimated localization function. Recently, a new subspace estimation method has been proposed, in the context where the number of available samples N is of the same order of magnitude than the number of sensors M. In this context, the traditional subspace methods tend to fail because they are based on the empirical covariance matrix of the observations which is a poor estimate of the source signal covariance matrix. The new subspace method is based on a consistent estimator of the localization function in the regime where M and N tend to +∞ at the same rate. However, the consistency of the angles estimator was not addressed, and the purpose of this paper is to prove this consistency in the previous asymptotic regime. For this, we prove the property that the singular values of M × N Gaussian information plus noise matrix escape from certain intervals is an event of probability decreasing at rate O(N-p) for all p. A regularization trick is also introduced, which allows to confine these singular values into certain intervals and to use standard tools as Poincaré inequality to characterize any moments of the estimator. These results are believed to be of independent interest.
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Contributor : Philippe Loubaton <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, February 19, 2013 - 1:31:32 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 20, 2019 - 2:39:20 PM

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Walid Hachem, Philippe Loubaton, Xavier Mestre, Jamal Najim, Pascal Vallet. Large information plus noise random matrix models and consistent subspace estimation in large sensor networks. Random Matrices, Theory and Applications (RMTA), 2012, 01 (1150006), pp.1-51. ⟨10.1142/S2010326311500067⟩. ⟨hal-00790069⟩



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