Utility of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance to assess association between admission hyperglycemia and myocardial damage in patients with reperfused ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction

Abstract : Abstract: Aims: to investigate the association between admission hyperglycemia and myocardial damage in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) using Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR). Methods: We analyzed 113 patients with STEMI treated with successful primary percutaneous coronary intervention. Admission hyperglycemia was defined as a glucose level >= 7.8 mmol/l. Contrast-enhanced CMR was performed between 3 and 7 days after reperfusion to evaluate left ventricular function and perfusion data after injection of gadolinium-DTPA. First-pass images (FP), providing assessment of microvascular obstruction and Late Gadolinium Enhanced images (DE), reflecting the extent of infarction, were investigated and the extent of transmural tissue damage was determined by visual scores. Results: Patients with a supramedian FP and DE scores more frequently had left anterior descending culprit artery (p = 0.02 and < 0.001), multivessel disease (p = 0.02 for both) and hyperglycemia (p < 0.001). Moreover, they were characterized by higher levels of HbA(1c) (p = 0.01 and 0.04), peak plasma Creatine Kinase (p < 0.001), left ventricular end-systolic volume (p = 0.005 and < 0.001), and lower left ventricular ejection fraction (p = 0.001 and < 0.001). In a multivariate model, admission hyperglycemia remains independently associated with increased FP and DE scores. Conclusion: Our results show the existence of a strong relationship between glucose metabolism impairment and myocardial damage in patients with STEMI. Further studies are needed to show if aggressive glucose control improves myocardial perfusion, which could be assessed using CMR.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, February 12, 2013 - 6:05:35 PM
Last modification on : Saturday, July 14, 2018 - 1:05:30 AM

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Alexandre Cochet, Marianne Zeller, Alain Lalande, Isabelle l'Huillier, Paul Walker, et al.. Utility of Cardiac Magnetic Resonance to assess association between admission hyperglycemia and myocardial damage in patients with reperfused ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction. Journal of Cardiovascular Magnetic Resonance, BioMed Central, 2008, 10 (2), pp.1-8. ⟨10.1186/1532-429X-10-2⟩. ⟨hal-00787751⟩

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