Abstract : A new method for the estimation of the light scattering phase function of particles is presented. The method allows us to measure the light scattering phase function of particles of any shape in the full angular range (0° - 180°) and is based on analysis of laser Doppler power density spectra. The theoretical background of the method and results of its validation using data from Monte Carlo simulations will be presented. For estimation of the scattering phase function, a phantom measurement setup is proposed containing a laser Doppler measurement system and a simple model in which a liquid sample flows through a glass tube fixed in an optically turbid material. The scattering phase function estimation error was thoroughly investigated in relation to the light scattering anisotropy factor g. The error of g estimation is lower than 10% for anisotropy factors larger than 0.5 and decreases with increase of the anisotropy factor (e.g. for g = 0.98, the error of estimation is 0.01%). The analysis of influence of the noise in the measured laser Doppler spectrum showed that the g estimation error is lower than 1% for signal to noise ratio higher than 50 dB.