Enhanced control of light and sound trajectories with three-dimensional gradient index lenses

Tieh-Ming Chan 1 Guillaume Dupont 1 Stefan Enoch 1, 2 Sébastien Guenneau 3, 4
2 CLARTE - CLARTE
FRESNEL - Institut FRESNEL
3 EPSILON - EPSILON
FRESNEL - Institut FRESNEL
4 CONCEPT - CONCEPT
FRESNEL - Institut FRESNEL
Abstract : We numerically study the focusing and bending effects of light and sound waves through heterogeneous isotropic cylindrical and spherical devices. We first point out that transformation optics and acoustics show that the control of light requires spatially varying anisotropic permittivity and permeability, while the control of sound is achieved via spatially anisotropic density and isotropic compressibility. Moreover, homogenization theory applied to electromagnetic and acoustic periodic structures leads to such artificial (although not spatially varying) anisotropic permittivity, permeability and density. We stress that homogenization is thus a natural mathematical tool for the design of structured metamaterials. To illustrate the two-step geometric transform-homogenization approach, we consider the design of cylindrical and spherical electromagnetic and acoustic lenses displaying some artificial anisotropy along their optical axis (direction of periodicity of the structural elements). Applications are sought in the design of Eaton and Luneburg lenses bending light at angles ranging from 90° to 360°, or mimicking a Schwartzchild metric, i.e. a black hole. All of these spherical metamaterials are characterized by a refractive index varying inversely with the radius which is approximated by concentric layers of homogeneous material. We finally propose some structured cylindrical metamaterials consisting of infinitely conducting or rigid toroidal channels in a homogeneous bulk material focusing light or sound waves. The functionality of these metamaterials is demonstrated via full-wave three-dimensional computations using nodal elements in the context of acoustics, and finite edge-elements in electromagnetics.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00761128
Contributor : Sébastien Guenneau <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 5, 2012 - 7:55:56 AM
Last modification on : Monday, March 4, 2019 - 2:04:25 PM

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Tieh-Ming Chan, Guillaume Dupont, Stefan Enoch, Sébastien Guenneau. Enhanced control of light and sound trajectories with three-dimensional gradient index lenses. New Journal of Physics, Institute of Physics: Open Access Journals, 2012, 14, pp.035011. ⟨10.1088/1367-2630/14/3/035011⟩. ⟨hal-00761128⟩

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