Streamwise forced oscillations of circular and square cylinders

Abstract : The modification of a cylinder wake by streamwise oscillation of the cylinder at the vortex shedding frequency of the unperturbed cylinder is reported. Recent numerical simulations [J. S. Leontini, D. Lo Jacono, and M. C. Thompson, "A numerical study of an inline oscillating cylinder in a free stream," J. Fluid Mech. 688, 551-568 (2011)] showed that this forcing results in the primary frequency decreasing proportionally to the square of the forcing amplitude, before locking to a subharmonic at higher amplitudes. The experimental results presented here show that this behavior continues at higher Reynolds numbers, although the flow is three-dimensional. In addition, it is shown that this behavior persists when the body is a square cross section, and when the frequency of forcing is detuned from the unperturbed cylinder shedding frequency. The similarity of the results across Reynolds number, geometry, and frequency suggests that the physical mechanism is applicable to periodic forcing of the classic von Ka ́rma ́n vortex street, regardless of the details of the body which forms the street.
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Daniel Tudball-Smith, Justin S. Leontini, John Sheridan, David Lo Jacono. Streamwise forced oscillations of circular and square cylinders. Physics of Fluids, American Institute of Physics, 2012, 〈10.1063/1.4758286〉. 〈hal-00752232〉

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