Static fluctuations of a thick 1D interface in the 1+1 Directed Polymer formulation

Abstract : Experimental realizations of a 1D interface always exhibit a finite microscopic width $\xi>0$; its existence is erased by thermal fluctuations at sufficiently high temperatures, but turns out to be a crucial ingredient for the description of the interface fluctuations below a characteristic temperature $T_c(\xi)$. Exploiting the exact mapping between the static 1D interface and a 1+1 Directed Polymer (DP) growing in a continuous space, we have studied analytically and numerically both the geometrical and the free-energy fluctuations of a DP at finite temperature $T$, with a short-range elasticity and submitted to a quenched random-bond Gaussian disorder of \textit{finite} correlation length $\xi$. Centering our study on the two-point correlator of the derivative of the disorder free-energy $\bar{R}(t,y)$ as a function of growing 'time' $t$, we explore several analytical arguments at finite $\xi$ and propose a 'toymodel' in order to characterize the temperature-dependence of the DP endpoint fluctuations. Approximating the full correlator at small endpoint position $y$ by $\bar{R}(t,y) \approx \widetilde{D}_t \cdot \mathcal{R}(y)$, we show on one hand that the amplitude $\widetilde{D}_\infty (T,\xi)$ correctly describes the low- and high-temperature regimes along with the full crossover around $T_c(\xi)$. On the other hand, we discuss the close connection between the temperature-dependent function $\mathcal{R}(y)$ at asymptotically large 'times' and the quenched disorder correlator. Finally we discuss the consequences of the low-temperature regime for two experimental realizations of KPZ interfaces, namely the static and quasistatic behavior of magnetic domain walls and the high-velocity steady-state dynamics of interfaces in liquid crystals.
Type de document :
Article dans une revue
Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2013, 87 (4), pp.042406. <10.1103/PhysRevE.87.042406>
Liste complète des métadonnées

https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00728181
Contributeur : Vivien Lecomte <>
Soumis le : mercredi 5 septembre 2012 - 09:32:36
Dernière modification le : mardi 11 octobre 2016 - 14:33:15

Identifiants

Collections

PMA | UPMC | USPC

Citation

Elisabeth Agoritsas, Vivien Lecomte, Thierry Giamarchi. Static fluctuations of a thick 1D interface in the 1+1 Directed Polymer formulation. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2013, 87 (4), pp.042406. <10.1103/PhysRevE.87.042406>. <hal-00728181>

Partager

Métriques

Consultations de la notice

104