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Towards a biosensor based on Anti Resonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide fabricated from porous silicon.

Abstract : Recently, we demonstrated that Anti Resonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide (ARROW) based on porous silicon (PS) material can be used as a transducer for the development of a new optical biosensor. Compared to a conventional biosensor waveguide based on evanescent waves, the ARROW structure is designed to allow a better overlap between the propagated optical field and the molecules infiltrated in the porous core layer and so to provide better molecular interactions sensitivity. The aim of this work is to investigate the operating mode of an optical biosensor using the ARROW structure. We reported here an extensive study where the antiresonance conditions were adjusted just before the grafting of the studied molecules for a given refractive index range. The interesting feature of the studied ARROW structure is that it is elaborated from the same material which is the porous silicon obtained via a single electrochemical anodization process. After oxidation and preparation of the inner surface of porous silicon by a chemical functionalization process, bovine serum albumin (BSA) molecules, were attached essentially in the upper layer. Simulation study indicates that the proposed sensor works at the refractive index values ranging from 1.3560 to 1.3655. The experimental optical detection of the biomolecules was obtained through the modification of the propagated optical field and losses. The results indicated that the optical attenuation decreases after biomolecules attachment, corresponding to a refractive index change Δnc of the core. This reduction was of about 2 dB/cm and 3 dB/cm for Transverse Electric (TE) and Transverse Magnetic (TM) polarizations respectively. Moreover, at the detection step, the optical field was almost located inside the core layer. This result was in good agreement with the simulated near field profiles.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 4, 2012 - 4:51:51 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, January 14, 2021 - 3:33:30 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, December 5, 2012 - 10:17:44 AM

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Mohamed Hiraoui, Lazhar Haji, Mohammed Guendouz, Nathalie Lorrain, A. Moadhen, et al.. Towards a biosensor based on Anti Resonant Reflecting Optical Waveguide fabricated from porous silicon.. Biosensors and Bioelectronics, Elsevier, 2012, 36 (1), pp.212-216. ⟨10.1016/j.bios.2012.04.022⟩. ⟨hal-00728030⟩

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