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Anaerobic ammonium oxidation mediated by Mn-oxides: from sediment to strain level

Cedric Javanaud 1 Valerie Michotey 2 Sophie Guasco 2 Nicole Garcia 3 Pierre Anschutz 4 Mathieu Canton 4 Patricia Bonin 5, 6, *
* Corresponding author
1 MEB
MIO - Institut méditerranéen d'océanologie
2 MEB
LMGEM - Laboratoire de MicrobiologiE de Géochimie et d'Ecologie Marines, MIO - Institut méditerranéen d'océanologie
3 CE
LMGEM - Laboratoire de MicrobiologiE de Géochimie et d'Ecologie Marines, MIO - Institut méditerranéen d'océanologie
Abstract : Nitrite and N-29(2) productions in slurry incubations of anaerobically sediment after (NO3)-N-15 or (NH4)-N-15 labelling in the presence of Mn-oxides suggested that anaerobic Mn-oxides mediated nitrification coupled with denitrification in muddy intertidal sediments of Arcachon Bay (SW Atlantic French coast). From this sediment, bacterial strains were isolated and physiologically characterized in terms of Mn-oxides and nitrate reduction as well as potential anaerobic nitrification. One of the isolated strain, identified as Marinobacter daepoensis strain M4AY 14, was a denitrifier. Nitrous oxide production by this strain was demonstrated in the absence of nitrate and with Mn-oxides and NH4 amendment, giving indirect proof of anaerobic nitrate or nitrite production. Anaerobic Mn-oxide-mediated nitrification was confirmed by N-29(2) production in the presence of (NO3)-N-15 and (NH4)-N-14 under denitrifying conditions. Anaerobic nitrification by M4AY14 seemed to occur only in the absence of nitrate, or at nitrate levels lower than that of Mn-oxides. Most of the other isolates were affiliated with the Shewanella genus and were able to use both nitrate and Mn-oxides as electron acceptors. When both electron acceptors were present, whatever their concentrations, nitrate and Mn-oxide reduction co-occurred. These data indicate that bacterial Mn-oxide reduction could be an important process in marine sediments with low oxygen concentrations, and demonstrate for the first time the role of bacteria in anaerobic Mn-mediated nitrification. (C) 2011 Institut Pasteur. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Thursday, August 23, 2012 - 3:45:16 PM
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Cedric Javanaud, Valerie Michotey, Sophie Guasco, Nicole Garcia, Pierre Anschutz, et al.. Anaerobic ammonium oxidation mediated by Mn-oxides: from sediment to strain level. Research in Microbiology, Elsevier, 2011, 162, pp.848-857. ⟨10.1016/j.resmic.2011.01.011⟩. ⟨hal-00725010⟩

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