Pyridine-based lanthanide complexes combining MRI and NIR luminescence activities.

Abstract : A series of novel triazole derivative pyridine-based polyamino-polycarboxylate ligands has been synthesized for lanthanide complexation. This versatile platform of chelating agents combines advantageous properties for both magnetic resonance (MR) and optical imaging applications of the corresponding Gd(3+) and near-infrared luminescent lanthanide complexes. The thermodynamic stability constants of the Ln(3+) complexes, as assessed by pH potentiometric measurements, are in the range log K(LnL)=17-19, with a high selectivity for lanthanides over Ca(2+), Cu(2+), and Zn(2+). The complexes are bishydrated, an important advantage to obtain high relaxivities for the Gd(3+) chelates. The water exchange of the Gd(3+) complexes (k(ex)(298)=7.7-9.3×10(6) s(-1)) is faster than that of clinically used magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) contrast agents and proceeds through a dissociatively activated mechanism, as evidenced by the positive activation volumes (ΔV(≠)=7.2-8.8 cm(3) mol(-1)). The new triazole ligands allow a considerable shift towards lower excitation energies of the luminescent lanthanide complexes as compared to the parent pyridinic complex, which is a significant advantage in the perspective of biological applications. In addition, they provide increased epsilon values resulting in a larger number of emitted photons and better detection sensitivity. The most conjugated system PheTPy, bearing a phenyl-triazole pendant on the pyridine ring, is particularly promising as it displays the lowest excitation and triplet-state energies associated with good quantum yields for both Nd(3+) and Yb(3+) complexes. Cellular and in vivo toxicity studies in mice evidenced the non-toxicity and the safe use of such bishydrated complexes in animal experiments. Overall, these pyridinic ligands constitute a highly versatile platform for the simultaneous optimization of both MRI and optical properties of the Gd(3+) and the luminescent lanthanide complexes, respectively.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, July 24, 2012 - 5:26:21 PM
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Célia S Bonnet, Frédéric Buron, Fabien Caillé, Chad M Shade, Bohuslav Drahoš, et al.. Pyridine-based lanthanide complexes combining MRI and NIR luminescence activities.. Chemistry - A European Journal, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2012, 18 (5), pp.1419-31. ⟨10.1002/chem.201102310⟩. ⟨hal-00720541⟩

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