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Oxidation of cellulose in pressurized carbon dioxide

Abstract : This work presents first results upon oxidation of type II cellulose by nitrogen dioxide dissolved in carbon dioxide at high pressure. This reaction leads to oxidized cellulose, a natural-based bioresorbable fabric used for biomedical applications. The oxidation reaction takes place in a heterogeneous fluid-solid system. Kinetics of oxidation is presented here and effects of operating conditions such as pressure, temperature and initial moisture content of cellulose are investigated. Results are presented in terms of degree of oxidation of cellulose and quality of the final oxidized cellulose, which has been characterized using liquid-state and solid-state 13C NMR. The experimental results show the existence of possible secondary reactions which may lead to oxidized cellulose with insufficient mechanical strength. An attempt is made to evidence and understand the role of CO2 as a solvent in this system. Indeed, although supercritical CO2 appears to be a suitable candidate as a solvent for oxidation reactions, some inhibiting effect on nitrogen dioxide activity are observed in this case.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 12, 2012 - 8:29:44 AM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00717116, version 1
  • OATAO : 5944

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Séverine Camy, Suzelei Montanari, Aurélie Rattaz, Michel Vignon, Jean-Stéphane Condoret. Oxidation of cellulose in pressurized carbon dioxide. Journal of Supercritical Fluids, Elsevier, 2009, 51, pp.188-196. ⟨hal-00717116⟩

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