Evaluation of columns packed with shell particles with compounds of pharmaceutical interest.

Abstract : The commercial C18 columns packed with sub-3 μm shell particles were tested and compared to a reference UHPLC column, in terms of kinetic performance as well as selectivity, retention capability, peak shape and loading capacity. For this purpose, a set of pharmaceutically relevant molecules was selected, including acidic, neutral and basic drugs. Regarding kinetic performance, h(opt) values for the shell particles were found between 1.7 and 2, while the UHPLC column provided a value of approximately 2.5. However, this impressive performance should be considered with caution, particularly for the construction of kinetic plots since h(opt) values were sometimes related to the column dimensions, depending on the provider (h(opt) comprised between 1.8 and 2.6 for longer columns of 150 mm packed with shell particles). Despite the non-porous inner core of the shell particles representing between 25 and 36% of the particle, we demonstrated that the decrease in retention was on the maximum equal to 15% for Ascentis column while Acquity and Poroshell were strictly equivalent in terms of retention. Concerning loading capacity, it remains comparable to that of fully porous sub-2 μm particles and always more pronounced with 0.1% formic acid vs. phosphate buffer. The loading capacity of the different columns was found to be better correlated to the pore volume or surface coverage than the shell thickness. Experimentally, the most pronounced overloading was observed with the Poroshell. Finally, the selectivity and peak shape were evaluated using a mixture of basic and acidic drugs. It appears that results were very similar between sub-3 μm shell particles and fully porous sub-2-μm particles for our mixture of compounds, showing the ability to transfer existing methods to shell particles, with only limited adjustments. This study confirms the potential of columns packed with shell particles and demonstrates the interest of such column technology with pharmaceutical compounds.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, May 16, 2012 - 3:09:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, November 30, 2018 - 2:18:33 PM

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Joséphine Ruta, Dana Zurlino, Candice Grivel, Sabine Heinisch, Jean-Luc Veuthey, et al.. Evaluation of columns packed with shell particles with compounds of pharmaceutical interest.. Journal of Chromatography A, Elsevier, 2012, 1228 (special issue), pp.221-231. ⟨10.1016/j.chroma.2011.09.013⟩. ⟨hal-00698468⟩

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