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The IgH locus 3' regulatory region: pulling the strings from behind.

Abstract : Antigen receptor gene loci are among the most complex in mammals. The IgH locus, encoding the immunoglobulin heavy chain (IgH) in B-lineage cells, undergoes major transcription-dependent DNA remodeling events, namely V(D)J recombination, Ig class-switch recombination (CSR), and somatic hypermutation (SHM). Various cis-regulatory elements (encompassing promoters, enhancers, and chromatin insulators) recruit multiple nuclear factors in order to ensure IgH locus regulation by tightly orchestrated physical and/or functional interactions. Among major IgH cis-acting regions, the large 3' regulatory region (3'RR) located at the 3' boundary of the locus includes several enhancers and harbors an intriguing quasi-palindromic structure. In this review, we report progress insights made over the past decade in order to describe in more details the structure and functions of IgH 3'RRs in mouse and human. Generation of multiple cellular, transgenic and knock-out models helped out to decipher the function of the IgH 3' regulatory elements in the context of normal and pathologic B cells. Beside its interest in physiology, the challenge of elucidating the locus-wide cross talk between distant cis-regulatory elements might provide useful insights into the mechanisms that mediate oncogene deregulation after chromosomal translocations onto the IgH locus.
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Contributor : Claire Carrion Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Friday, May 11, 2012 - 4:52:10 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 20, 2018 - 11:56:11 AM




Eric Pinaud, Marie Marquet, Rémi Fiancette, Sophie Péron, Christelle Vincent-Fabert, et al.. The IgH locus 3' regulatory region: pulling the strings from behind.. Advances in immunology, Elsevier, 2011, 110, pp.27-70. ⟨10.1016/B978-0-12-387663-8.00002-8⟩. ⟨hal-00696444⟩



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