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Characterization of circumstellar carbonaceous dust analogues produced by pyrolysis of acetylene in a porous graphite reactor

Abstract : Carbon particles synthesized by acetylene pyrolysis in a porous graphite reactor have been investigated. The intimate chemical and physical structures of the particles were probed by proton nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy, infrared Fourier transform spectroscopy and X-ray diffraction. The analysis points towards a chemical structure composed of soluble low-mass aromatics surrounding small insoluble larger aromatic islands bridged by aliphatic groups. The diffraction profile indicates that the particles are mostly amorphous with small crystalline domains of ∼6.5 Å composed of a few stacked graphene layers. The properties of these particles are compared with these obtained with other types of production methods such as laser pyrolysis and combustion flames. The results are briefly discussed in the context of the evolution of infrared interstellar emitters. Possible uses of the reactor are proposed.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00662491
Contributor : Dorothée Destouches <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, January 24, 2012 - 11:57:53 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 3:18:05 PM

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Ludovic Biennier, Robert Georges, Vijayanand Chandrasekaran, Bertrand Rowe, Thierry Bataille, et al.. Characterization of circumstellar carbonaceous dust analogues produced by pyrolysis of acetylene in a porous graphite reactor. Carbon, Elsevier, 2009, 47 (14), pp.3295-3305. ⟨10.1016/j.carbon.2009.07.050⟩. ⟨hal-00662491⟩

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