Hydrogen density in the dayside venusian exosphere derived from Lyman-alpha observations by SPICAV on Venus Express

Abstract : A series of observations of the Venusian hydrogen corona made by SPICAV on Venus Express are analyzed to estimate the amount of hydrogen in the exosphere of Venus. These observations were made between November 2006 and July 2007 at altitudes from 1000 km to 8000 km on the dayside. The Lyman-α brightness profiles derived are reproduced by the sum of a cold hydrogen population dominant below ∼2000 km and a hot hydrogen population dominant above ∼4000 km. The temperature (∼ 300 K) and hydrogen density at 250 km (∼105 cm-3) derived for the cold populations, near noon, are in good agreement with previous observations. Strong dawn-dusk exospheric asymmetry is observed from this set of observations, with a larger exobase density on the dawn side than on the dusk side, consistent with asymmetry previously observed in the Venusian thermosphere, but with a lower dawn/dusk contrast. The hot hydrogen density derived is very sensitive to the sky background estimate, but is well constrained near 5000 km. The density of the hot population is reproduced by the exospheric model from Hodges (1999) in which the hot population is produced by neutral - ions interactions in the thermosphere of Venus.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00629645
Contributeur : Catherine Cardon <>
Soumis le : jeudi 6 octobre 2011 - 13:35:26
Dernière modification le : mercredi 31 mai 2017 - 08:49:25

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Jean-Yves Chaufray, Jean-Loup Bertaux, Eric Quémerais, E. Villard, François Leblanc. Hydrogen density in the dayside venusian exosphere derived from Lyman-alpha observations by SPICAV on Venus Express. Icarus, Elsevier, 2012, 217 (2), pp.767-778. 〈10.1016/j.icarus.2011.09.027〉. 〈hal-00629645〉

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