Molecular requirements for the insecticidal activity of the plant peptide pea albumin 1 subunit b (PA1b).

Abstract : PA1b (pea albumin 1, subunit b) is a small and compact 37-amino acid protein, isolated from pea seeds (Pisum sativum), that adopts a cystine knot fold. It acts as a potent insecticidal agent against major pests in stored crops and vegetables, making it a promising bioinsecticide. Here, we investigate the influence of individual residues on the structure and bioactivity of PA1b. A collection of 13 PA1b mutants was successfully chemically synthesized in which the residues involved in the definition of PA1b amphiphilic and electrostatic characteristics were individually replaced with an alanine. The three-dimensional structure of PA1b was outstandingly tolerant of modifications. Remarkably, receptor binding and insecticidal activities were both dependent on common well defined clusters of residues located on one single face of the toxin, with Phe-10, Arg-21, Ile-23, and Leu-27 being key residues of the binding interaction. The inactivity of the mutants is clearly due to a change in the nature of the side chain rather than to a side effect, such as misfolding or degradation of the peptide, in the insect digestive tract. We have shown that a hydrophobic patch is the putative site of the interaction of PA1b with its binding site. Overall, the mutagenesis data provide major insights into the functional elements responsible for PA1b entomotoxic properties and give some clues toward a better understanding of the PA1b mode of action.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Isabelle Frapart <>
Submitted on : Monday, May 9, 2011 - 6:03:18 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, May 9, 2019 - 4:02:01 PM

Links full text



Pedro Da Silva, Isabelle Rahioui, Christian Laugier, Laurence Jouvensal, Hervé Meudal, et al.. Molecular requirements for the insecticidal activity of the plant peptide pea albumin 1 subunit b (PA1b).. Journal of Biological Chemistry, American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, 2010, 285 (43), pp.32689-94. ⟨10.1074/jbc.M110.147199⟩. ⟨hal-00591660⟩



Record views