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A Study of the Hydro-Mechanical Behaviour of Compacted Crushed Argillite

Abstract : The argillite extracted from Bure site (France) is proposed, after being crushed and com-pacted, as a possible sealing and backfill material in the geological high-level radioactive waste disposal. In this study, the effects of the grain size distribution and the microstruc-ture on the hydro-mechanical behaviour of the compacted crushed argillite have been in-vestigated. The volume change properties were investigated by running one-dimensional compression tests under constant water content (2.4-2.8%) with loading-unloading cycles. Under various vertical stresses, water flooding tests were carried out in constant volume condition. Depending on the vertical stress level, either swelling or collapse behavior was observed in the sense that vertical stress increased or decreased upon flooding respectively. A clear effect of grain size distribution has been also identified: finer samples exhibit stiffer compression behaviour and higher swelling potential. To provide a microstructure insight into the macroscopic behaviour feature observed, both mercury intrusion po-rosimetry (MIP) and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) observations were performed, evidencing that: (i) at the same dry density, the size of inter-aggregates pores is larger for the coarser crushed material; (ii) mechanical compression only reduces the inter-aggregate porosity in the stress range considered; (iii) the micro-mechanisms governing the flooding under constant-volume condition include the swelling of the clay particles, the increase of the intra-aggregate pores and the collapse of the inter-aggregates pores. The results show a strong effect of the grain size distribution on the hydro-mechanical behaviour and thus the close link between the microstructure and the hydro-mechanical behaviour.
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Submitted on : Monday, March 7, 2011 - 5:51:02 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 3, 2021 - 5:10:06 PM
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Chaosheng Tang, Anh Minh Tang, Yu-Jun Cui, Pierre Delage, Christian Schroeder, et al.. A Study of the Hydro-Mechanical Behaviour of Compacted Crushed Argillite. Engineering Geology, Elsevier, 2011, 118 (3-4), pp.93-103. ⟨10.1016/j.enggeo.2011.01.004⟩. ⟨hal-00574332⟩



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