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Trade integration and within-plant productivity evolution in Chile

Abstract : We analyze the impact of trade integration on plant TFP using Chilean plant-level data (1982–1999) and 3-digit bilateral trade flows. Our contribution is to disentangle the impact of export and import barriers, estimated as border effects within a multilateral context. A fall in export barriers is positively correlated with plant productivity in traded sectors. The reduction of import barriers, however, can only be associated to productivity improvements in export-oriented sectors. In import-competing sectors a robust positive correlation shows up between plant productivity and protection. We then test several channels linking trade integration and firm productivity.
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Submitted on : Friday, February 4, 2011 - 2:50:51 AM
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Maria Bas, Ivan Ledezma. Trade integration and within-plant productivity evolution in Chile. Review of World Economics, Springer Verlag, 2010, 146 (1), pp.113-146. ⟨10.1007/s10290-009-0041-2⟩. ⟨hal-00562714⟩

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