Survival and behavioral characteristics of amphidromous goby larvae of Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) during their downstream migration

Abstract : To understand the ecology and environmental tolerances of newly hatched larvae of the amphidromous fish Sicyopterus japonicus during their downstream migration, the salinity tolerance of eggs, 0-15 day old larvae, and adults, and the temperature tolerance, specific gravity and phototaxis of hatched larvae were examined. Tolerances of adults were measured as survival after a 24 h challenge in freshwater (FW), brackish water (1/3 SW) and seawater (SW). The survival rate of adult S. japonicus was 100% in FW and 1/3 SW, while none survived in SW. Hatching success of eggs (30 eggs each) was significantly higher in FW (mean: 73%) and 1/3 SW (73%) than in SW (19%). Tolerance of newly hatched larvae to salinity and temperature was investigated in different combinations of salinities (FW, 1/3 SW and SW) and temperatures (18, 23 and 28 degrees C). Larval survival was significantly different in each salinity and temperature. Survival rate was significantly higher in 1/3 SW than in FW and higher in SW than in FW at 23 degrees C and 28 degrees C. At the latter part of the experiment, there was no survival in FW and at 28 degrees C. Survival was higher in lower temperatures, but larval development did not occur in FW. Specific gravity of newly hatched larvae was 1.036 at 28 degrees C and 1.034 at 23 degrees C. When exposed to a light source on one side of an aquarium, larval distribution was not affected. Our results indicated larval S. japonicus are more adapted to brackish water and seawater than freshwater, while the adults and eggs are more adapted to freshwater and brackish water than seawater. This is consistent with their amphidromous life history with growth and spawning occurring in freshwater and the larval stage utilizing marine habitats. (C) 2009 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 1, 2010 - 3:22:53 PM
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Midori Iida, Shun Watanabe, Yoshiaki Yamada, Clara Lord, Philippe Keith, et al.. Survival and behavioral characteristics of amphidromous goby larvae of Sicyopterus japonicus (Tanaka, 1909) during their downstream migration. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, Elsevier, 2010, 383 (1), pp.17-22. ⟨10.1016/j.jembe.2009.11.006⟩. ⟨hal-00541951⟩

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