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Dynamics of catalyst particle formation and multi-walled carbon nanotube growth in aerosol-assisted catalytic chemical vapor deposition

Abstract : In aerosol-assisted catalytic chemical vapor deposition (CCVD), the catalyst and carbon precursors are introduced simultaneously in the reactor. Catalyst particles are formed in situ and aligned multi-walled CNTs grow at a high rate. To scale-up the process, it is crucial to understand the chemical transformation of the precursors along the thermal gradient of the reactor, and to correlate nanotube growth with catalyst nanoparticle formation. The products synthesized along a cylindrical CVD reactor from an aerosol composed of ferrocene and toluene, as catalyst and carbon precursor, respectively, were studied. The product surface density and iron content are determined as a function of the location and the iron vapor pressure in the reactor. Samples are analyzed by electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy. We show the strong influence of the thermal gradient on location and rate of formation of both iron particles and CNTs, and demonstrate that catalyst particles are formed by gas phase homogeneous nucleation with a size which correlates with iron vapor pressure. They are gradually deposited on the reactor walls where nanotubes grow with an efficiency which is varying linearly with catalyst particle density. CNT crystallinity appears very high for a large range of temperature and iron content.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00515587
Contributor : Caroline Lebe <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, September 7, 2010 - 2:52:10 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, August 11, 2020 - 12:42:02 PM

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C. Castro, M. Pinault, S. Coste-Leconte, D. Porterat, Nedjma Bendiab, et al.. Dynamics of catalyst particle formation and multi-walled carbon nanotube growth in aerosol-assisted catalytic chemical vapor deposition. Carbon, Elsevier, 2010, 48 (13), pp.3807-3816. ⟨10.1016/j.carbon.2010.06.045⟩. ⟨hal-00515587⟩

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