Spatial distribution of metals in smelter-impacted soils of woody habitats: Influence of landscape and soil properties, and risk for wildlife.

Abstract : The spatial distribution of total and CaCl(2)-extracted Cd, Pb and Zn concentrations in smelter-impacted soils was investigated over a polluted site (40km(2)) in Northern France. The study was conducted on 262 soils sampled in woody habitats. Total and extracted concentrations of trace metals (TMs) rose up to 2402 and 59.5mgkg(-1) for Cd, 41 960 and 13.7mgkg(-1) for Pb, 38 760 and 143.0mgkg(-1) for Zn, respectively. The spatial dependence of both total and extracted concentrations showed a high spatial auto-correlation and ordinary kriging was used to predict soil concentrations. Investigating which variables influenced metal concentrations and their spatial distribution, we found that total concentrations mostly depended on the distance from the smelter, the wind and the organic carbon, while extracted concentrations were mainly modulated by the pH. Conditionally to those variables, other soil properties and landscape characteristics influenced both total and extracted concentrations. We conclude that total and extracted TM concentrations are governed by different processes which act at various spatial ranges: total concentrations are mainly related to input and retention of metals (large scale) whereas extracted concentrations were mainly explained by factors controlling metal solubility in soils (local scale). Spatial distributions of total and extracted TMs differed over the area, which should be considered for risk assessment. Maps of risk based on the US EPA's Eco-SSLs (for plants, invertebrates and vertebrates) were realized, showing that wildlife may be at risk but that the relevance of Eco-SSL values is questionable.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00512117
Contributor : Clémentine Fritsch <>
Submitted on : Friday, August 27, 2010 - 1:48:57 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, September 5, 2018 - 5:04:01 PM

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Clémentine Fritsch, Patrick Giraudoux, Michaël Cœurdassier, Francis Douay, Francis Raoul, et al.. Spatial distribution of metals in smelter-impacted soils of woody habitats: Influence of landscape and soil properties, and risk for wildlife.. Chemosphere, Elsevier, 2010, 81 (2), pp.141-155. ⟨10.1016/j.chemosphere.2010.06.075⟩. ⟨hal-00512117⟩

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