Distinguishing between fault scarps and shorelines: the question of the nature of the Kahrizak, North Rey and South Rey features in the Tehran plain (Iran)

Abstract : P>Tehran is one of the largest cities in the world (12 million people) facing seismic hazard. Standing at the foothills of Alborz Mountains, the capital of Iran is exposed to potential earthquakes associated with several nearby active faults. Classically mentioned as active features, the Kahrizak, the North Rey and the South Rey scarps cross the town itself and would be the sources of several destructive historical earthquakes. However, the nature of these topographic scarps remains uncertain. To assess whether these features correspond to active faults, we carried out a morphological and stratigraphic study. Our results show that the three scarps define horizontal scarp lines that follow contour lines matching ancient shorelines further East. This point, associated with other morphological characteristics such as the flatness of the upper and the lower surfaces, the long and regular streams that incised the upslope upper surfaces and the fact that the deposits are horizontal and without deformations, suggests in fact that the Kahrizak, the North Rey and the South Rey scarps correspond most likely to ancient shore lines and are not fault scarps.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 30, 2010 - 2:57:24 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, June 26, 2019 - 11:52:14 AM

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Hamid Nazari, Jean-Francois Ritz, Reza Salamati, Alireza Shahidi, Hasan Habibi, et al.. Distinguishing between fault scarps and shorelines: the question of the nature of the Kahrizak, North Rey and South Rey features in the Tehran plain (Iran). Terra Nova, Wiley-Blackwell, 2010, 22 (3), pp.227-237. ⟨10.1111/j.1365-3121.2010.00938.x⟩. ⟨hal-00496390⟩

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