Hydrographic network structure and population genetic differentiation in a vector of fasciolosis, Galba truncatula

Abstract : We report a preliminary analysis on the relationships between drainage basin structure and genetic structure of populations of the European vector of fasciolosis, Galba truncatula. In the study area, 251 snails belonging to 12 populations were collected along different ditches of a same river network. Each snail was genotyped at six variable microsatellite loci. Our results show that all sample sites are characterized by a low level of polymorphism and a very high and significant heterozygote deficiency. Our data reveal a significant genetic differentiation, even at a small scale, and failed to delimit clear patterns of isolation by euclidian distance. Our study shows that genetic differentiation significantly increases with hydrographic distance along the streams (p < 0.002), in consistence with the hypothesis that dispersion along the stream is dependent on the direction of water flow. This study shows that relationships can exist between the organization of the hydrological network and population biology of a disease vector, which has strong potential applications to drainage network management issues.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, June 30, 2010 - 2:35:23 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 16, 2019 - 4:52:01 PM

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S. Hurtrez-Bousses, Jean Emmanuel Hurtrez, H. Turpin, C. Durand, P. Durand, et al.. Hydrographic network structure and population genetic differentiation in a vector of fasciolosis, Galba truncatula. Infection, Genetics and Evolution, Elsevier, 2010, 10 (2), pp.178-183. ⟨10.1016/j.meegid.2010.01.005⟩. ⟨hal-00496374⟩

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