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L'industrie lithique des gisements du Pléistocène inférieur de Barranco León et Fuente Nueva3 à Orce, Grenade, Espagne

Abstract : The archaeological localities of Barranco León and Fuente Nueva3 in Orce, Grenade, in actuality have the oldest lithic artifacts in Europe; they are the oldest evidence of human occupation in the east of Europe. When compared the results from faunal analysis and magnetostratigraphical study, notably through the presence of Allophaiomys lavocati allow for a date of around 1.3Ma. The raw material used for developing these lithic industries are, basically limestone or siliceous rocks, these raw materials selected were smoothed down in situ. The techniques used are knapping at raised with a hammerstone, and we can find all the different elements of the "chaine opératoire ". Both localities are characterised by the predominance of flakes and debris, cores, and some knapped cobbles sowing mediocre aspect. The technical and typological features of both lithic assemblages have an opportunist character but they are relatively sophisticated too.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00484314
Contributor : Bertrand Lecervoisier <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, May 18, 2010 - 12:01:18 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, April 7, 2021 - 11:14:02 AM

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Isidro Toro-Moyano, Henry de Lumley, Beatriz Fajardo, Deborah Barsky, Dominique Cauche, et al.. L'industrie lithique des gisements du Pléistocène inférieur de Barranco León et Fuente Nueva3 à Orce, Grenade, Espagne. L'anthropologie, Elsevier Masson, 2009, pp. 111-124. ⟨hal-00484314⟩

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