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Modelling Zn (II) sorption onto clayey sediments using a multi-site ion-exchange model

Abstract : In environmental studies, we need to be able to predict the behaviour of contaminants in more or less complex physico-chemical contexts. The improvement of this prediction partly depends on establishing thermodynamic models that can describe the behaviour of these contaminants and, in particular, the sorption reactions on mineral surfaces. In this way, based on the mass action law, it is possible to use surface complexation models and ion exchange models. Therefore, the aim of this study is i) to develop an ion-exchange model able to describe the sorption of transition metal onto pure clay minerals and ii) to test the ability of this approach to predict the sorption of these elements onto natural materials containing clay minerals (i.e. soils/sediments) under various chemical conditions. This study is focused on the behaviour of Zn(II) in the presence of clayey sediments. Considering that clay minerals are cation exchangers containing multiple sorption sites, it is possible to interpret the sorption of Zn(II), as well as competitor cations, by ion-exchange equilibria with the clay minerals. This approach is applied with success to interpret the experimental data obtained previously in the Zn(II)-H+-Na+-montmorillonite system [Baeyens, B., Bradbury, M.H., 1997. A mechanistic description of Ni and Zn sorption on Na-montmorillonite. Part I: Titration and sorption measurements. J. Contam. Hydrol. 27, 199–222]. Our research team has already studied the behaviour of Na+, K+, Ca2+ and Mg2+ versus pH in terms of ion exchange onto pure montmorillonite, leading us to develop a thermodynamic database including the exchange site concentrations associated with montmorillonite and the selectivity coefficients of Na+, K+, Ca2+, Mg2+, and Zn2+ versus H+. In the present study, we report experimental isotherms of Zn(II) on two different sediments in batch reactors at different pH and ionic strengths, using NaCl and CaSO4 as electrolytes. Assuming clay minerals are the main ion-exchanging phases, it is possible to predict Zn(II) sorption onto sediments under different experimental conditions, using the previously obtained data base on montmorillonite. Whatever the physico-chemical conditions tested, we observe a relatively good agreement between experimental results and the predicted sorption behaviour.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00450629
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Submitted on : Tuesday, January 26, 2010 - 9:12:13 PM
Last modification on : Monday, December 13, 2021 - 9:14:34 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Thursday, June 17, 2010 - 9:47:45 PM

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E. Tertre, C. Beaucaire, N. Coreau, A. Juery. Modelling Zn (II) sorption onto clayey sediments using a multi-site ion-exchange model. Applied Geochemistry, Elsevier, 2009, 24, pp.1852-1861. ⟨10.1016/j.apgeochem.2009.06.006⟩. ⟨hal-00450629⟩

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