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Ultrasonic tomography of green wood using a non-parametric imaging algorithm with reflected waves

Abstract : • Ultrasonic computed tomography in reflection was used to assess the integrity of green wood. Qualitative reflectivity images were obtained from back-scattered measurements by reflection tomography, like ultrasound in medical applications.
• The reconstruction algorithm was designed using, in particular, a linear approximation of the forward problem (Born approximation) and based on the assumption that a transversal cross section of wood is isotropic. The experimental device was composed of only one rotating emitter–receiver transducer to record and compute the projections. In this specific case, a tomographic projection was directly associated with a recorded signal. The qualitative aspect of this imaging technique was validated by performing a numerical simulation and tested on a small diameter green wood (Picea abies) log.
• The images obtained were geometrically accurate considering the internal inclusions. It was, however, not possible in the simulation to differentiate the object shape from the background (coupling medium) because the reflectivity value associated with the object was too low. The image obtained with the spruce sample mainly showed the position of the bark as indicated by a very high contrast area. The proportion of transmitted energy was, however, sufficient to reconstruct the artificial inclusion within the sample.
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Loïc Brancheriau, Philippe Lasaygues, Eric Debieu, Jean-Pierre Lefebvre. Ultrasonic tomography of green wood using a non-parametric imaging algorithm with reflected waves. Annals of Forest Science, Springer Verlag/EDP Sciences, 2008, 65 (7), pp.712.1-712.7. ⟨10.1051/forest:200851⟩. ⟨hal-00440691⟩

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