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Drag and lift forces on interface-contaminated bubbles spinning in a rotating flow

Abstract : The equilibrium position of a spherical air bubble in a solid body rotating flow around a horizontal axis is investigated experimentally. The flow without bubbles is checked to be solid body rotating. The area of influence of the bubble is characterized to determine for each bubble whether the incoming flow is perturbed or not. The demineralized water used is shown to Tbe contaminated, and spinning of the bubble's interface is observed and measured. From the measurement of the bubble's equilibrium position, drag and lift coefficients are determined. They appear to be dependent on two dimensionless numbers. Eo the E ̈tv ̈s number and Rω the rotational Reynolds o o number (or Taylor number Ta) can be varied independently by changing the control parameters, and for that reason are the convenient choice for experiments. (Re, Ro) with Ro the Rossby number is an equivalent choice generally adopted in the literature for numerical simulations, and Re denotes the Reynolds number. When using this second representation, the Ro number appears to be an indicator of the influence on the force coefficients of the shear, of the curvature of the streamlines of the flow and of the bubble's spinning. The bubble's spinning effect on the lift force is far from trivial. Its contribution explains the important gap between lift values for a bubble (not spinning) in a clean fluid and for a bubble (spinning) in a contaminated fluid as present.
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Submitted on : Monday, July 20, 2009 - 12:10:42 PM
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Marie Rastello, Jean-Louis Marié, Nathalie Grosjean, Michel Lance. Drag and lift forces on interface-contaminated bubbles spinning in a rotating flow. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2009, pp.vol 624,159--178. ⟨hal-00405326⟩

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