Consensus under communication delays

Abstract : This paper deals with the consensus problem under communication network inducing delays. It is well-known that introducing a delay leads in general to a reduction of the performance or to instability due to the fact that time delay systems are infinite dimensional. For instance, the set of initial conditions of a time-delay system is not a vector but a function taken in an interval. Therefore, investigating the effect of time-delays in the consensus problem is an important issue. In the present paper, we assume that each agent receives instantaneously its own state information but receives the state information from its neighbors after a constant delay. Two stability criteria are provided based on the frequency approach and on Lyapunov-Krasovskii techniques given in terms of LMI. An analytic expression of the consensus equilibrium which depends on the delay and on the initial conditions taken in an interval is derived. The efficiency of the method is tested for different network communication schemes.
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Alexandre Seuret, Dimos V. Dimarogonas, Karl Henrik Johansson. Consensus under communication delays. 47th IEEE Conference on Decision and Control, CDC 2008, Dec 2008, Cancun, Mexico. ⟨hal-00386104⟩

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