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Chapter 2 RNA processing and decay in bacteriophage t4.

Abstract : Bacteriophage T4 is the archetype of virulent phage. It has evolved very efficient strategies to subvert host functions to its benefit and to impose the expression of its genome. T4 utilizes a combination of host and phage-encoded RNases and factors to degrade its mRNAs in a stage-dependent manner. The host endonuclease RNase E is used throughout the phage development. The sequence-specific, T4-encoded RegB endoribonuclease functions in association with the ribosomal protein S1 to functionally inactivate early transcripts and expedite their degradation. T4 polynucleotide kinase plays a role in this process. Later, the viral factor Dmd protects middle and late mRNAs from degradation by the host RNase LS. T4 codes for a set of eight tRNAs and two small, stable RNA of unknown function that may contribute to phage virulence. Their maturation is assured by host enzymes, but one phage factor, Cef, is required for the biogenesis of some of them. The tRNA gene cluster also codes for a homing DNA endonuclease, SegB, responsible for spreading the tRNA genes to other T4-related phage.
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Contributor : Martine Bondidier <>
Submitted on : Thursday, February 26, 2009 - 4:57:45 PM
Last modification on : Friday, April 10, 2020 - 5:19:33 PM




Marc Uzan. Chapter 2 RNA processing and decay in bacteriophage t4.. Progress in Nucleic Acid Research and Molecular Biology, 2009, 85, pp.43-89. ⟨10.1016/S0079-6603(08)00802-7⟩. ⟨hal-00364649⟩



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