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Mars environment and magnetic orbiter model payload

B. Langlais 1 François Leblanc 2 T. Fouchet 3 S. Barabash 4 D. Breuer 5 Eric Chassefière 6 A. Coates 7 V. Dehant 8 François Forget 9 H. Lammer 10 S. Lewis 11 M. Lopez-Valverde 12 M. Mandea 13 Michel Menvielle 14 A. Pais 15 M. Paetzold 16 P. Read 17 C. Sotin 1 Pascal Tarits 18 S. Vennerstrom 19 G. Branduardi-Raymont 7 G. Cremonese 20 J.G.M. Merayo 19 T. Ott 21 H. Rème 22 Jean-Gabriel Trotignon 23 J.E. Walhund 4
Abstract : Mars Environment and Magnetic Orbiter was proposed as an answer to the Cosmic Vision Call of Opportunity as a M-class mission. The MEMO mission is designed to study the strong interconnections between the planetary interior, atmosphere and solar conditions essential to understand planetary evolution, the appearance of life and its sustainability. MEMO provides a high-resolution, complete, mapping of the magnetic field (below an altitude of about 250 km), with an yet unachieved full global coverage. This is combined with an in situ characterization of the high atmosphere and remote sensing of the middle and lower atmospheres, with an unmatched accuracy. These measurements are completed by an improved detection of the gravity field signatures associated with carbon dioxide cycle and to the tidal deformation. In addition the solar wind, solar EUV/UV and energetic particle fluxes are simultaneously and continuously monitored. The challenging scientific objectives of the MEMO mission proposal are fulfilled with the appropriate scientific instruments and orbit strategy. MEMO is composed of a main platform, placed on a elliptical (130 × 1,000 km), non polar (77° inclination) orbit, and of an independent, higher apoapsis (10,000 km) and low periapsis (300 km) micro-satellite. These orbital parameters are designed so that the scientific return of MEMO is maximized, in terms of measurement altitude, local time, season and geographical coverage. MEMO carry several suites of instruments, made of an ‘exospheric-upper atmosphere’ package, a ‘magnetic field’ package, and a ‘low-middle atmosphere’ package. Nominal mission duration is one Martian year.
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Submitted on : Sunday, February 22, 2009 - 4:25:20 PM
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B. Langlais, François Leblanc, T. Fouchet, S. Barabash, D. Breuer, et al.. Mars environment and magnetic orbiter model payload. Experimental Astronomy, Springer Link, 2009, 23 (3), pp.761-783. ⟨10.1007/s10686-008-9101-1⟩. ⟨hal-00363328⟩



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