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Wide-gap Couette flows of dense emulsions: Local concentration measurements, and comparison between macroscopic and local constitutive law measurements through magnetic resonance imaging

Abstract : Flows of dense emulsions show many complex features among which long range nonlocal effects pose a problem for macroscopic characterization. In order to get around this problem, we study the flows of several dense emulsions in a wide-gap Couette geometry. We couple macroscopic rheometric experiments and local velocity measurements through MRI techniques. As concentration heterogeneities can be expected, we designed a method to measure the local droplet concentration in emulsions with a MRI device. In contrast to dense suspensions of rigid particles where very fast migration occurs under shear, we show that no migration takes place in dense emulsions even for strains as large as 100 000 in our systems. As a result of the absence of migration and of finite size effect, we are able to determine very precisely the local rheological behavior of several dense emulsions. As the materials are homogeneous, this behavior can also be inferred from purely macroscopic measurements. We thus suggest that properly analyzed purely macroscopic measurements in a wide-gap Couette geometry can be used as a tool to study the local constitutive laws of dense emulsions. All behaviors are basically consistent with Herschel-Bulkley laws of index 0.5, but discrepancies exist at the approach of the yield stress due to slow shear flows below the apparent yield stress in the case of a strongly adhesive emulsion. The existence of a constitutive law accounting for all flows contrasts with previous results obtained within a microchannel by Goyon et al. (2008): the use of a wide-gap Couette geometry is likely to prevent here from nonlocal finite size effects; it also contrasts with the observations of Bécu et al. (2006).
Keywords : Emulsion Migration Flow MRI
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Submitted on : Monday, October 20, 2008 - 11:08:12 AM
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Guillaume Ovarlez, Stéphane Rodts, Alexandre Ragouilliaux, Philippe Coussot, Julie Goyon, et al.. Wide-gap Couette flows of dense emulsions: Local concentration measurements, and comparison between macroscopic and local constitutive law measurements through magnetic resonance imaging. Physical Review E : Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics, American Physical Society, 2008, 78, pp.036307. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevE.78.036307⟩. ⟨hal-00331834⟩

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