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Tumor immunotherapy by epicutaneous immunization requires langerhans cells.

Abstract : A role for Langerhans cells (LC) in the induction of immune responses in the skin has yet to be conclusively demonstrated. We used skin immunization with OVA protein to induce immune responses against OVA-expressing melanoma cells. Mice injected with OVA-specific CD8(+) T cells and immunized with OVA onto barrier-disrupted skin had increased numbers of CD8(+) T cells in the blood that produced IFN-gamma and killed target cells. These mice generated accelerated cytotoxic responses after secondary immunization with OVA. Prophylactic or therapeutic immunization with OVA onto barrier-disrupted skin inhibited the growth of B16.OVA tumors. LC played a critical role in the immunization process because depletion of LC at the time of skin immunization dramatically reduced the tumor-protective effect. The topically applied Ag was presented by skin-derived LC in draining lymph nodes to CD8(+) T cells. Thus, targeting of tumor Ags to LC in vivo is an effective strategy for tumor immunotherapy.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00294265
Contributor : Marie Laure Haon <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, July 9, 2008 - 9:16:12 AM
Last modification on : Monday, December 7, 2020 - 9:44:02 AM

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  • HAL Id : hal-00294265, version 1
  • PUBMED : 18209098

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Patrizia Stoitzner, Laura K Green, Jae Y Jung, Kylie M Price, Christoph H Tripp, et al.. Tumor immunotherapy by epicutaneous immunization requires langerhans cells.. Journal of Immunology, Publisher : Baltimore : Williams & Wilkins, c1950-. Latest Publisher : Bethesda, MD : American Association of Immunologists, 2008, 180 (3), pp.1991-8. ⟨hal-00294265⟩

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