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The orbit of the visual binary ADS 8630 (? Vir)

Abstract : We present a new orbit for the visual binary ADS 8630 = ? Vir. Although it is one of the first visual double stars discovered, its orbital elements were still poorly known. Indeed the very high eccentricity of the orbit and the difficulty of observing the pair at periastron passage in 1836 has meant that it is only now that sufficient measures of the recent close approach in 2005 have allowed an orbital analysis which predicts the angular motion to an acceptable degree of accuracy. We present a series of 35 speckle measurements of ADS 8630 obtained with PISCO in Merate between 2004 and 2006. Those measures have been crucial for determining the new orbital elements since they cover an arc of 130 degrees in the apparent orbit and include the periastron passage of 2005. The masses of the individual F0V components of the binary are found to be 1.40 M_? with an accuracy of about 3%. We also investigate in detail the possibility of the presence of a third body in the system, that was proposed by other authors. The high-angular resolution infra-red image of ? Vir that we obtained in June 2006 with the LuckyCam instrument on the ESO NTT shows the absence of any companion as faint as a M0V star at a distance larger than 0.4 arcsec. Combined with the analysis of the residuals of our orbit, the values found for the masses of the individual components and the radial velocity measurements, this observation rules out the presence in the system of a third companion with a mass larger than 0.3 M_?. } %% end abstract
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00288766
Contributor : Dominique Lullier <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 18, 2008 - 2:39:59 PM
Last modification on : Monday, January 11, 2021 - 10:30:05 AM

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M. Scardia, R. W. Argyle, J.-L. Prieur, L. Pansecchi, S. Basso, et al.. The orbit of the visual binary ADS 8630 (? Vir). Astronomical Notes / Astronomische Nachrichten, Wiley-VCH Verlag, 2007, 328, pp.146. ⟨10.1002/ASNA.200610710⟩. ⟨hal-00288766⟩

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