Boundary lubricant films under shear: effect of roughness and adhesion

Abstract : The normal interaction and the behavior under shear of mica surfaces covered by two different triblock copolymers of polylysine-polydimethysiloxane-polylysine were studied by combining the capabilities of the surface forces apparatus and the atomic force microscopy. At low pH values these copolymers spontaneously adsorb on the negatively charged mica surfaces from aqueous solutions as a consequence of the positive charge of the polylysine moieties. The morphology of the adsorbed layer is determined by the molecular structure of the particular copolymer investigated. This morphology plays a fundamental role on the behavior of the adsorbed layers under shear and compression. While nonadhesive smooth layers oppose an extremely small resistance to sliding, the presence of asperities even at the nanometric scale originates a frictional resistance to the motion. The behavior of uniform nonadhesive nanorough surfaces under shear can be quantitatively understood in terms of a simple multistable thermally activated junction model. The electric charge of the adsorbed copolymer molecules and hence the adhesion energy between the coated surfaces can be modified by varying the pH of the surrounding media. In the presence of an adhesive interaction between the surfaces the behavior under shear is strongly modified. Time-dependent mechanisms of energy dissipation have to be evoked in order to explain the changes observed
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Carlos Drummond, Juan Rodriguez-Hernandez, Sébastien Lecommandoux, Philippe Richetti. Boundary lubricant films under shear: effect of roughness and adhesion. Journal of Chemical Physics, American Institute of Physics, 2007, 126 (18), pp.184906. ⟨10.1063/1.2730817⟩. ⟨hal-00275923⟩



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