Aerodynamic and articulatory aspects of French nasal vowels.

Didier Demolin 1, * Bernard Teston 1, *
* Corresponding author
Abstract : The phonetics of French nasal vowels has reoeived a lot of attention in the past, both from an acoustical point of view (e.g. Maeda 1993) and from an articulatory point of view (e.g. Zerling 1984). In addition manyy phonological treatments of nasality and nasal vowels have been proposed for French (e.g. Walter 1977 and Durand 1988). Data come from a description of aerodynamic and articulatory aspects of French nasal vowels, spoken in Belgium and in the South of France (Marseille). Aerodynamic results show that test is a fondamental difference between the four nasa) vowels [in, un, an, on ] in the two groups of speakers.
In the northern dialect, nasal flow start as soon as the closure or the constriction of a preceding consonant is released. This is not the case in the southern dialect where nasal flow start only in the second part or at the end of the vowels. This seems to correspond at the velar appendix which was mentioned by Walter (1977) and by Carton et al (1983). From the articulatory point of view, dynamic magnetic resonance shows that in the northern dialect, the velum is lowered during the entire vowel, but in the southern dialect there is a contact in the velar region at the end of all vowels.
Document type :
Journal articles
Complete list of metadatas
Contributor : Cnrs : Umr6057 Laboratoire Parole Et Langage <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, February 6, 2008 - 12:14:41 PM
Last modification on : Friday, September 6, 2019 - 12:58:07 PM
Long-term archiving on : Saturday, May 8, 2010 - 12:31:29 AM


Publisher files allowed on an open archive


  • HAL Id : hal-00241525, version 1



Didier Demolin, Bernard Teston. Aerodynamic and articulatory aspects of French nasal vowels.. Travaux Interdisciplinaires du Laboratoire Parole et Langage d'Aix-en-Provence (TIPA), Laboratoire Parole et Langage, 1998, 18, pp.50-59. ⟨hal-00241525⟩



Record views


Files downloads