On the influence of local fluctuations in volume fraction of constituents on the effective properties of nonlinear composites. Application to porous materials

Abstract : Composite materials often exhibit local fluctuations in the volume fraction of their individual constituents. This paper studies the influence of such small fluctuations on the effective properties of composites. A general asymptotic expansion of these properties in terms of powers of the amplitude of the fluctuations is given first. Then, this general result is applied to porous materials. As is well-known, the effective yield surface of ductile voided materials is accurately described by Gurson's criterion. Suitable extensions for viscoplastic solids have also been proposed. The question addressed in the present study pertains to nonuniform distributions of voids in a typical volume element or in other words to the presence of matrix-rich and pore-rich zones in the material. It is shown numerically and analytically that such deviations from a uniform distribution result in a weakening of the macroscopic carrying capacity of the material.
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Mihail Garajeu, Pierre Suquet. On the influence of local fluctuations in volume fraction of constituents on the effective properties of nonlinear composites. Application to porous materials. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Elsevier, 2007, 55 (4), pp.842-878. ⟨10.1016/j.jmps.2006.09.005⟩. ⟨hal-00214721⟩

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