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Imaging and speciation of trace elements in biological environment

Abstract : Mineral elements, often at the trace level, play a considerable role in physiology and pathology of biological systems. Metallogenomics, metalloproteomics, and metallomics are among the emerging disciplines which are critically dependent on spatially resolved concentration maps of trace elements in a cell or tissue, on information on chemical speciation, and on that on metal-binding coordination sites. The mini-review discusses recent progress in analytical techniques for element profiling on the genome scale, biological trace element imaging, and probing, identification and quantification of chemical species in the biological environment. Imaging of the element distribution in cells and tissue sections is becoming possible with sub-micrometer spatial resolution and picogram-level sensitivity owing to advances in laser ablation MS, ion beam and synchrotron radiation X-ray fluorescence microprobes. Progress in nanoflow chromatography and capillary electrophoresis coupled with element specific ICP MS and molecule-specific electrospray MS/MS and MALDI enables speciation of elements in microsamples in a complex biological environment. Laser ablation ICP MS, micro-SXRF, and micro-PIXE allow mapping of trace element distribution in 1D and 2D proteomics gels. The increasing sensitivity of EXAFS and XANES owing to the use of more intense synchrotron beams and efficient focusing optics provide information about oxidation state, fingerprint speciation of metal sites and metal-site structures.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00199715
Contributor : Guillaume Devès <>
Submitted on : Wednesday, December 19, 2007 - 1:56:19 PM
Last modification on : Friday, December 11, 2020 - 6:42:02 PM

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Ryszard Lobinski, Christophe Moulin, Richard Ortega. Imaging and speciation of trace elements in biological environment. Biochimie, Elsevier, 2006, 88 (11), pp.1591-1604. ⟨10.1016/j.biochi.2006.10.003⟩. ⟨hal-00199715⟩

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