Shock enhancement of cellular structures under impact loading: Part I Experiments

Abstract : This paper aims at showing experimental proof of the existence of a shock front in cellular structures under impact loading, especially at low critical impact velocities around 50 m / s. First, an original testing procedure using a large diameter Nylon Hopkinson bar is introduced. With this large diameter soft Hopkinson bar, tests under two different configurations (pressure bar behind / ahead of the supposed shock front) at the same impact speed are used to obtain the force / time histories behind and ahead of the assumed shock front within the cellular material specimen. Stress jumps (up to 60 % of initial stress level) as well as shock front speed are measured for tests at 55 m / s on Alporas foams and nickel hollow sphere agglomerates, whereas no significant shock enhancement is observed for Cymat foams and 5056 aluminium honeycombs. The corresponding rate sensitivity of the studied cellular structures is also measured and it is proven that it is not responsible for the sharp strength enhancement. A photomechanical measurement of the shock front speed is also proposed to obtain a direct experimental proof. The displacement and strain fields during the test are obtained by correlating images shot with a high speed camera. The strain field measurements at different times show that the shock front discontinuity propagates and allows for the measurement of the propagation velocity. All the experimental evidences enable us to confirm the existence of a shock front enhancement even at quite low impact velocities for a number of studied materials.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, December 19, 2007 - 12:10:48 AM
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Ibrahim Elnasri, Stéphane Pattofatto, Elli Tsitsiris, Han Zhao, François Hild, et al.. Shock enhancement of cellular structures under impact loading: Part I Experiments. Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids, Elsevier, 2007, 55 (12), pp.2652-2671. ⟨10.1016/j.jmps.2007.04.005⟩. ⟨hal-00199385⟩

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