Origin and molecular evolution of receptor tyrosine kinases with immunoglobulin-like domains.

Abstract : Receptor tyrosine kinases (RTKs) are involved in the control of fundamental cellular processes in metazoans. In vertebrates, RTK could be grouped in distinct classes based on the nature of their cognate ligand and modular composition of their extracellular domain. RTK with immunoglobulin-like domains (IG-like RTK) encompass several RTK classes and have been found in early metazoans, including sponges. Evolution of IG-like RTK is characterized by extended molecular and functional diversification, which prompted us to study their evolutionary history. For that purpose, a nonredundant data set including annotated protein sequences of IG-like RTK (n = 85) was built, representing 19 species ranging from sponges to humans. Phylogenetic trees were generated from alignment of conserved regions using maximum likelihood approach. Molecular phylogeny strongly suggests that IG-like RTK diversification occurred according to a complex scenario. In particular, we propose that specific cis duplications of a common ancestor to both platelet-derived growth factor receptor (class III) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor (class V) families preceded two trans duplications. In contrast, other IG-like RTK genes, like Musk and PTK7, apparently did not evolve by duplications, whereas fibroblast growth factor receptors (class IV) evolved through two rounds of trans duplications. The proposed model of IG-like RTK evolution is supported by high bootstrap values and by the clustering of genes encoding class III and class V RTKs at specific chromosomal locations in mouse and human genomes.
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Submitted on : Thursday, November 29, 2007 - 3:16:57 PM
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Julien Grassot, Manolo Gouy, Guy Perrière, Guy Mouchiroud. Origin and molecular evolution of receptor tyrosine kinases with immunoglobulin-like domains.. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2006, 23 (6), pp.1232-41. ⟨10.1093/molbev/msk007⟩. ⟨hal-00192848⟩

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