Influence of the diet on the bioaccumulation of heavy metals in zooplankton-eating petrels at Kerguelen archipelago, Southern Indian Ocean

Abstract : Concentrations of cadmium, mercury, copper and zinc were measured in muscle, kidney and liver tissues and in the main prey of five species of zooplankton-eating petrels: blue petrel (Halobaena caerulea), thin-billed (Pachyptila belcheri) and Antarctic (P. desolata) prions, and South Georgian (Pelecanoides georgicus) and common (Pelecanoides urinatrix) diving petrels. Since some of these species are closely related species with respect to body size, timing ofmoult and life span, their diet has been examined to evaluate its influence on heavy-metal bioaccumulation. Inter-specific differences were significant for Hg concentrations in the liver and for Zn concentrations in both liver and kidney tissues. Blue petrels exhibited the highest Hg concentrations in the liver (3.9±2.02 lg.g)1 wet weight). No significant differences were found in Cd concentrations between species. Exposure to heavy metals through the most important prey species in the diet during the breeding period was evaluated. The most evident result was the influence of fish prey on Hg levels. Although crustacean species exhibit different cadmium concentrations, the diet composition does not appear to be discriminant for Cd bioaccumulation within the small petrel community at Kerguelen.
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Submitted on : Tuesday, November 20, 2007 - 4:06:52 PM
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Pierrick Bocher, F. Caurant, Pierre Miramand, Yves Cherel, Paco Bustamante. Influence of the diet on the bioaccumulation of heavy metals in zooplankton-eating petrels at Kerguelen archipelago, Southern Indian Ocean. Polar Biology, Springer Verlag, 2003, 26, pp.759-767. ⟨10.1007/s00300-003-0552-6⟩. ⟨hal-00189325⟩

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