Catalan's intervals and realizers of triangulations

Abstract : The Stanley lattice, Tamari lattice and Kreweras lattice are three remarkable orders defined on the set of Catalan objects of a given size. These lattices are ordered by inclusion: the Stanley lattice is an extension of the Tamari lattice which is an extension of the Kreweras lattice. The Stanley order can be defined on the set of Dyck paths of size $n$ as the relation of \emph{being above}. Hence, intervals in the Stanley lattice are pairs of non-crossing Dyck paths. In a former article, the second author defined a bijection $\Phi$ between pairs of non-crossing Dyck paths and the realizers of triangulations (or Schnyder woods). We give a simpler description of the bijection $\Phi$. Then, we study the restriction of $\Phi$ to Tamari's and Kreweras' intervals. We prove that $\Phi$ induces a bijection between Tamari intervals and minimal realizers. This gives a bijection between Tamari intervals and triangulations. We also prove that $\Phi$ induces a bijection between Kreweras intervals and the (unique) realizers of stack triangulations. Thus, $\Phi$ induces a bijection between Kreweras intervals and stack triangulations which are known to be in bijection with ternary trees.
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Submitted on : Friday, April 27, 2007 - 3:11:46 PM
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  • HAL Id : hal-00143870, version 1
  • ARXIV : 0704.3731

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Olivier Bernardi, Nicolas Bonichon. Catalan's intervals and realizers of triangulations. Journal of Combinatorial Theory, Series A, Elsevier, 2009, 116 (1), pp.55-75. ⟨hal-00143870⟩

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