Modeling the restrike mode operation of a DC plasma spray torch

Abstract : A key aspect of the operation of conventional non-transferred direct current (dc) plasma torches is the random motion of the arc inside the nozzle. Various plasma gun designs have been developed to limit the arc fluctuations without increasing the heat load to the anode wall that results in surface erosion and anode wear. However, construction of these plasma torches is highly complex, while the conventional dc plasma torch consists of a small number of elements and is simple to manufacture and maintain. A better understanding of the behavior of the arc-anode attachment and how it depends on operating conditions may help in the design and operation of conventional plasma torches so that the fluctuation of the time-voltage, and therefore the time-enthalpy variation, is as low as possible with a fluctuation frequency adapted to the time characteristic of the powder particles in the plasma jet. This study deals with a three-dimensional (3D) timedependent modeling of the arc and plasma generation in such a torch operating under the so-called “restrike” mode. The latter is characterized by rather large voltage fluctuations, corresponding to a broad range of conditions used in the manufacturing of plasma coatings. The mathematical model is based on the simultaneous solution of the conservation equations of mass, momentum, energy, electric current, and electromagnetic equations. These make it possible to predict the effect of operating parameters of the plasma torch on the motion of the anode root attachment over the anode surface and the time-evolution of arc voltage and flow fields in the nozzle.
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Submitted on : Thursday, February 15, 2007 - 2:15:05 PM
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Eric Moreau, Christophe Chazelas, Gilles Mariaux, Armelle Vardelle. Modeling the restrike mode operation of a DC plasma spray torch. Journal of Thermal Spray Technology, ASM International/Springer, 2006, 15, pp.524. ⟨10.1361/105996306X147306⟩. ⟨hal-00131182⟩



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