In vivo multiphoton imaging of the cornea: Polarization-resolved second harmonic generation from stromal collagen

Abstract : Multiphoton microscopy provides specific and contrasted images of unstained collagenous tissues such as tendons or corneas. Polarization-resolved second harmonic generation (SHG) measurements have been implemented in a laserscanning multiphoton microscope. Distortion of the polarimetric response due to birefringence and diattenuation during propagation of the laser excitation has been shown in rat-tail tendons. A model has been developed to account for these effects and correct polarization-resolved SHG images in thick tissues. This new modality is then used in unstained human corneas to access two quantitative parameters: the fibrils orientation within the collagen lamellae and the ratio of the main second-order nonlinear tensorial components. Orientation maps obtained from polarization resolution of the trans-detected SHG images are in good agreement with the striated features observed in the raw images. Most importantly, polarization analysis of the epi-detected SHG images also enables to map the fibrils orientation within the collagen lamellae while epi-detected SHG images of corneal stroma are spatially homogenous and do not enable direct visualization of the fibrils orientation. Depth profiles of the polarimetric SHG response are also measured and compared to models accounting for orientation changes of the collagen lamellae within the focal volume. Finally, in vivo polarization-resolved SHG is performed in rat corneas and structural organization of corneal stroma is determined using epi-detected signals. © (2012) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).
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Conference papers
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Submitted on : Tuesday, September 26, 2006 - 1:32:11 PM
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Gaël Latour, Ivan Gusachenko, Laura Kowalczuk, Isabelle Lamarre, Marie-Claire Schanne-Klein. In vivo multiphoton imaging of the cornea: Polarization-resolved second harmonic generation from stromal collagen. Multiphoton Microscopy in the Biomedical Sciences XII, Jan 2012, San Francisco, United States. ⟨10.1117/12.906603⟩. ⟨hal-00100364⟩

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