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High-resolution XANES spectra of iron in minerals and glasses: structural information from the pre-edge region

Abstract : High-resolution X-ray Absorption Near-Edge Structure (XANES) spectra of iron allow to take into account the effects of the coordination numbers on the quantification of redox values. Volcanic glasses show split pre-edge features, arising from a bimodal distribution between the relative contributions of ferric and ferrous iron. The chemical shift between these two oxidation states, 2 eV, has been resolved using a 400 Si monochromator. High-resolution pre-edge spectroscopy shows the distribution of ferric and ferrous iron between various coordination states. Ferrous iron is mostly fivefold-coordinated and minority fourfold-coordinated while ferric iron occurs in fourfold and sixfold-coordinated sites. The importance of 6Fe3+ in basaltic glasses may explain the formation of magnetite during glass oxidation. The increase of 4Fe3+ in the more silicic, pantelleritic glass is consistent with the peralkaline character of this glass. The increase of the proportion of tetrahedral Fe3+, accompanied by more covalent Fe3+–O bonds, is consistent with the chemical dependence of redox equilibria in magmatic systems, in which the most differentiated terms correspond to more oxidizing compositions.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00085620
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 13, 2006 - 11:11:56 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, December 15, 2020 - 4:02:24 AM

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L. Galoisy, G. Calas, M.-A. Arrio. High-resolution XANES spectra of iron in minerals and glasses: structural information from the pre-edge region. Chemical Geology, Elsevier, 2001, 174, pp.307-319. ⟨10.1016/S0009-2541(00)00322-3⟩. ⟨hal-00085620⟩

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