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Group analysis in the SSRS2 catalog

Abstract : We present an automated method to detect populations of groups in galaxy redshift catalogs. This method uses both analysis of the redshift distribution along lines of sight in fixed cells to detect elementary structures and a friend-of-friend algorithm to merge these elementary structures into physical structures. We apply this method to the SSRS2 galaxy redshift catalog. The groups detected with our method are similar to group catalogs detected with pure friend-of-friend algorithms. They have similar mass distribution, similar abundance versus redshift, similar 2-point correlation function and the same redshift completeness limit, close to 5000 km/s. If instead of SSRS2, we use catalogs of new generation, it would lead to a completeness limit of z$\\sim$0.7. We model the luminosity function for nearby galaxy groups by a Schechter function with parameters M*=(-19.99+/-0.36)+5logh and alpha=-1.46 +/- 0.17 to compute the mass to light ratio. The median value of the mass to light ratio is 360 h M/L and we deduce a relation between mass to light ratio and velocity dispersion sigma (M/L=3.79 +/- 0.64)sigma -(294 +/- 570)). The more massive the group, the higher the mass to light ratio, and therefore, the larger the amount of dark matter inside the group. Another explanation is a significant stripping of the gas of the galaxies in massive groups as opposed to low mass groups. This extends to groups of galaxies the mild tendency already detected for rich clusters of galaxies. Finally, we detect a barely significant fundamental plane for these groups but much less narrow than for clusters of galaxies.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 20, 2005 - 8:11:23 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 19, 2021 - 10:59:17 PM

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Christophe Adami, Alain Mazure. Group analysis in the SSRS2 catalog. Astronomy and Astrophysics - A&A, EDP Sciences, 2002, 381, pp.420-427. ⟨hal-00007602⟩

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