Monitoring temperature effects on flax cell-wall mechanical properties within a composite material using AFM

Abstract : PeakForce Quantitative Nano-Mechanical property mapping (PF-QNM) was applied to explore the nano-mechanical properties of the cell wall of two kinds of flax fibre preparation: isolated and within a poly-(butylene succinate) (PBS) or maleic anhydride grafted poly-(propylene) (PP-MAPP) matrix in unidirectional flax (UD) composites. Isolated flax fibres were subjected to a thermal cycle of 8 min from ambient temperature to 250 °C. At the same time, flax fibres in a matrix were subjected to an identical cycle from 140 °C to 250 °C, depending on the nature of the matrix. At the macroscopic scale, tensile tests on both types of sample preparation showed the same trends in temperature effects on the mechanical properties. At the cell wall scale, although no gradient in the cell-wall indentation modulus was revealed by PF-QNM for isolated fibres, a very slight global loss was observed above 210 °C, in accordance with the literature. This decrease was more pronounced for flax fibres within a matrix due the confinement effect of the polymer matrix which isolates fibres from the external environment during thermal treatment. The evolution of the mechanical behaviour of the cell walls leads to em-brittlement of the UD composite, underlining the importance of time-temperature couple monitoring during the processing of plant fibre composites.
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Polymer Testing, Elsevier, 2018, 69, pp.91-99. 〈10.1016/j.polymertesting.2018.05.009〉
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David Siniscalco, Olivier Arnould, Alain Bourmaud, Antoine Le Duigou, Christophe Baley. Monitoring temperature effects on flax cell-wall mechanical properties within a composite material using AFM. Polymer Testing, Elsevier, 2018, 69, pp.91-99. 〈10.1016/j.polymertesting.2018.05.009〉. 〈hal-01801066〉

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