Why the aphid Aphis spiraecola is more abundant on clementine tree than Aphis gossypii?

Abstract : Aphis spiraecola and Aphis gossypii cause harmful damages on clementine tree orchards. Weekly surveys measured the abundance of aphids (larvae, winged and wingless adults) as well as of auxiliary insects and parameters of energy metabolism. Correlatively, soluble carbohydrates, total free amino acids, free proline and condensed tannins were quantified in control and infested leaves. Both aphid species showed parallel temporal variations, but A. spiraecola was consistently more abundant regardless of the stage. Amino acids had a positive effect on both aphid species abundance, but neither condensed tannins nor auxiliary insects seemed to modulate aphid populations. Interestingly, the leaf carbohydrate content was positively correlated with the abundance of A. spiraecola, but not with that of A. gossypii. Moreover, A. gossypii's abundance was significantly down-regulated by high proline concentrations. Thus, the higher abundance of A. spiraecola could be explained by a better tolerance to high proline contents and a better conversion of foliar energy metabolites.
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Soumis le : mardi 11 février 2014 - 14:38:50
Dernière modification le : mardi 20 mars 2018 - 16:36:23

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Houda Mostefaoui, Leila Allal-Benfekih, Zahr-Eddine Djazouli, Daniel Petit, Gaëlle Saladin. Why the aphid Aphis spiraecola is more abundant on clementine tree than Aphis gossypii?. Comptes Rendus Biologies, Elsevier Masson, 2014, 337 (2), pp.123-133. ⟨10.1016/j.crvi.2013.11.008⟩. ⟨hal-00944947⟩

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