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Mantle metasomatic influence on water contents in continental lithosphere: New constraints from garnet pyroxenite xenoliths (France & Cameroon volcanic provinces)

Abstract : Quantifying water contents in the lithospheric mantle is key to our understanding of global geodynamics, mantle composition, and related physical properties. Most mantle lithologies (peridotite) contain little water (~50 ppm), but petrological heterogeneities such as pyroxenites are more hydrous (~300 ppm) relative to the mantle rocks. Pyroxenites also melt at lower temperatures than peridotites and are thus important to magma genesis. Thus, quantifying pyroxenite water contents provides new information on the distribution of water in the mantle. Here, we present phase-specific FTIR measurements of the water contents in pyroxenite mantle xenoliths from two continental lithospheric domains that experienced intense metasomatism: the French Massif Central (FMC, France) and the Adamawa Volcanic Plateau (AVP, Cameroon). The AVP garnet pyroxenites are more hydrated ([H2O]Clinopyroxene = 386–685 ppm; [H2O]Orthopyroxene = 124–155 ppm; [H2O]Garnet < 0.5 ppm) than FMC ones ([H2O]Clinopyroxene = 112–465 ppm; [H2O]Orthopyroxene = 61–104 ppm; [H2O]Garnet < 0.5 ppm). These water concentrations are homogenous at the grain and correlate with equilibrated major element concentrations, indicating that they are representative of lithospheric water, although the FMC pyroxenites were dehydrated during metasomatism by a carbonatitic fluid (based on the correlation between LaN/SmN and Ti/Eu ratios); the water contents of AVP pyroxenites were likely not affected by metasomatism. FMC pyroxenites show peculiar FTIR spectra that may reflect the preferential dehydration of specific sites in the pyroxene structure. In both regions, metasomatism modified the light rare Earth element contents (e.g., Ce) of the pyroxenites, resulting in highly variable H2O/Ce ratios. Therefore, we conclude that the utility of the H2O/Ce ratio to identify the involvement of pyroxenites in magmas genesis is limited.
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https://hal.univ-lille.fr/hal-03227761
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Submitted on : Monday, May 17, 2021 - 3:36:33 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, May 19, 2021 - 3:37:54 AM

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Samantha Azevedo-Vannson, Lydéric France, Jannick Ingrin, Gilles Chazot. Mantle metasomatic influence on water contents in continental lithosphere: New constraints from garnet pyroxenite xenoliths (France & Cameroon volcanic provinces). Chemical Geology, Elsevier, 2021, Chemical Geology, 575, pp.120257. ⟨10.1016/j.chemgeo.2021.120257⟩. ⟨hal-03227761⟩

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