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Le rôle de la réduction phonétique dans I'expression de la proximité sociale : Étude acoustique des voyelles orales du français québécois dans différentes situations de communication.

Abstract : This thesis proposes an analysis of speech adaptation to the interlocutor through the prisms of hyper-hypoarticulation and accommodation. We analyze 140,436 tokens of vowels produced by 20 speakers of Quebec French in order to observe their positions in terms of phonetic reduction according to the task performed and the interlocutor with whom it is performed. Each of these 20 speakers had to read words in isolation and in carrier sentences, and perform a task of difference identification between images alone, with his or her spouse, with an unknown interviewer from Quebec, and with an unknown French interviewer. Vowel analysis by the mean of four spectral measures and one temporal measure shows overall the following patterns (from most to least hypoarticulated) : Interaction < Alone < Reading, and Couple < Local Stranger ≤ French Stranger. The analysis of four rhythmic measures also shows that speech rate is slower when the social distance between interlocutors is strong and in the less interactive situations. Hypoarticulation therefore seems to be a possible mean of conveying information concerning social distance, by adapting to the type of interlocutor with whom the interactions take place.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03709234
Contributor : Mélanie Lancien Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Wednesday, June 29, 2022 - 5:18:48 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, September 1, 2022 - 8:44:06 AM

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Mélanie Lancien. Le rôle de la réduction phonétique dans I'expression de la proximité sociale : Étude acoustique des voyelles orales du français québécois dans différentes situations de communication.. Linguistique. Université de Lausanne (Suisse), 2021. Français. ⟨tel-03709234⟩

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