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Evolution du fonctionnement des réseaux territorialisés d'organisations par la prise en compte de l'innovation sociale. Le cas de deux pôles de compétitivité de la Région PACA.

Abstract : Nowadays, traditional economic models are questioned by researchers. It appeared relevant to analyze if social innovation can be considered as a lever for change. Innovation centers are facing an uncertain context, as there appears to be less financial involvement from the State, a real transformation of their missions and a potential public policy reform. Therefore, we’re raising the following problematic: “How the implementation of social innovation can be a part of innovations centers functioning and development?” In a first part, we’re soliciting the two existing visions of social innovation (chapter 1). As a result, it represents an answer to social needs and to generate positive impacts. Its process mobilizes local heterogeneous actors, which are forming networks and sharing resources, in order to create a common project. Based on these approaches, we’re formulating an evaluation grid on seven criteria. Then, in order to offer a new model for innovation centers (chapter 2), we’re drawing on the social and solidarity economy business model and its three dimensions. This field seems to be conducive for social innovations development. As a conclusion to the first part, we’re building the epistemological and methodological frameworks for the research (chapter 3). Our epistemological positioning is incorporated within the framework of the pragmatic constructivism paradigm. From a methodological point of view, our exploratory qualitative research follows an abductive logic. Thirty-one semi-directive interviews have been realized within two innovation centers of the French region Provence-Alpes-Côte d’Azur, process which represents a multiple-case study. The second part of our research presents our results (chapter 4 and 5). Seven dimensions of the social innovation are spotlighted in innovations centers functioning. These centers represent conducive organizations for social innovation development, by gathering its procedural elements. Regarding social innovation as a result, it appears that innovation centers projects are catering social needs, generating positive effects and helping to make it accessible by their commercialization. The social and solidarity economy business model reveals mobilization and solidarity issues. We’re recommending to initiate communities of practice and an innovation centers’ development focused on a common destiny. A democratic management could even more involve their members. Finally, we’re suggesting that innovation centers should be more committed in a sustainable territorial attractiveness, so they can be a part of the local value-chain, by considering the territory as a common good.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, September 29, 2021 - 10:42:18 AM
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Raphaële Peres. Evolution du fonctionnement des réseaux territorialisés d'organisations par la prise en compte de l'innovation sociale. Le cas de deux pôles de compétitivité de la Région PACA.. Gestion et management. Aix Marseille Université (AMU), 2017. Français. ⟨tel-03358057⟩



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