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La Dynamique animale dans les oeuvres poétiques de Supervielle, Saint-John Perse et Char. Présence, surgissement, échappée.

Abstract : This thesis analyses the works of Supervielle, Saint-John Perse and Char through the prism of animal dynamics. It reads these twentieth-century texts in light of recent criticism, which, in the vein of "zoopoetics" developed by Anne Simon, considers the physical, organic, moving dimensions of literary animals as well as their symbolic significance. Beyond their metaphorical meanings, animals energize the texts with a creative force that stems from their quality as living beings. From insects to large mammals, the range of relationships that animals have to the world and to humans opens up multiple semantic and stylistic problems examined in the first part of this thesis, which analyses the influence of animal existence on poetic writing and poetic rhythm. Based on anthropological approaches, the second part argues that fauna serve as a vehicle for a broader thinking about the environment. This reading illuminates a particular treatment of nature and landscape that uses animals as tools for modelling space as well as thought : through the constant emergence of their desired or disruptive otherness, literary animals confront poets with the blurred boundaries of their own individuality. In the last part, concrete animality is studied alongside poetry’s power to question its own era and its language, which extends to the animalistic modes of communication. The tracking of a beast and the apprehension of a poetic thought emerge from similar hermeneutics, encompassing watchfulness, wonder, and distance, and sometimes leaving the rationality of language to explore the margins of madness in a dynamic of obliquity. This kinship between poetry and animality is revealed in the persistence of gaps, and of the pleasures of escape.
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https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-03158432
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Submitted on : Wednesday, March 3, 2021 - 8:07:34 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, March 4, 2021 - 3:23:05 AM

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  • HAL Id : tel-03158432, version 1

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Flora Souchard. La Dynamique animale dans les oeuvres poétiques de Supervielle, Saint-John Perse et Char. Présence, surgissement, échappée.. Littératures. ENS de LYON, 2019. Français. ⟨tel-03158432⟩

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